Review of a scientific journal: From Practice to Theory and Back Again

American students and German students have different connotations in seeing the word “Auslander” (foreigner) found in a short story taught in a German class. This happens as they have different schemata and frame which are based on their cultural experience. To the former, this term is difficult to define as US consists of citizens from […]

people writing

Quipper School: How Do Teachers Bring it in the Classroom?

The advanced development of internet has influenced mankind in almost all aspects of life including the field of English Language Teaching (ELT). In response to it, English teachers should make use of it to enhance the quality of their teaching. One of its strategies is by using Quipper School, a popular educational online platform focusing […]


Questioning the ‘International’ of the International Teaching Materials Used in Australian ELICOS Institutions: Journal Review

Teaching foreign language should involve teaching culture ranging from source, target and international culture. This should be reflected in teaching materials including textbooks and workbooks. This research seeks to investigate whether or not the materials presented in the teaching and learning process fulfill the requirement of being international institutions as claimed by English Language Intensive […]


Exploring Culture in Locally Published English Textbooks for Primary Education in Turkey: Journal Review

Many locally published ELT textbooks include local culture overwhelmingly as the effort to strengthen national character building. On the contrary, internationally published ELT textbooks ignore the inclusion of local culture as they are addressed for international market. In the light of English as an international language and to incorporate intercultural competence, ELT textbooks should contain […]


Developing the Field

I should not limit my involvement in the field of language teaching to teaching or lecturing. Actually, there are many things that I can do to develop the field such as conducting numbers of research, writing papers for journal publication and seminars or conferences proceeding, designing and developing language programs, developing materials or ELT textbooks, […]


Evaluating ELT Textbooks and Materials: Methods and Principles

This article tries to make a relatively comprehensive description on textbook evaluation by surveying four scientific journals on textbook evaluation. They include William (1983), Ellis (1997), Sheldon (1988), and Hutchinson (1987). These articles are selected as they are cited in many research papers on textbook or teaching materials evaluation in different background and teaching contexts […]


Basic English Grammar: Simple Present Tense

This posting is another part of Basic English Grammar Series that I’m currently working hard to accomplish. It is about Simple Present Tense, the most used tense in English, I think. In my book outline this material is placed in chapter 5, Unit 1. It means that it is the first material being discussed in […]


Teaching sequences; advertisements, emails and notices and cautions

In the “engage phase”, teacher shows some pictures related to the topic such as homepage, advertisement, email, notices & cautions, chatting room, social media, etc. asking students the functions of each picture in modern life. The students give some feedback and get comments from the teacher.

direct method

Lesson Plan: Advertisement, Email and Notices & Cautions

One of the important keys to successful teaching is a sound preparation aided by a good lesson plan. Harmer (2007, 156) says, “For students, evidence of a plan shows that the teacher has devoted time to thinking about the class.” A lesson plan indicates the level of teachers’ professionalism and commitment in conducting their jobs.


Basic English Grammar: Parts of Speech

This posting is a part series of my “Basic English Grammar” book. The material I’m posting is about parts of speech, a very basic English grammar material. I intentionally post this series in order to make my writings documented and read by you, readers, so I can get some constructive feedback before finally finishing and […]

people writing

The Study of SLA Developmental Sequences in Students’ Writing Skill

The linguists state that there are developmental sequences when the learners acquire second language. Schumann (1979), for instance, found that there were predictable sequences in negation in second language learning regardless the learners’ first language background. Krashen (1972), in his monitor model, includes natural order hypothesis in one of his hypotheses. He says that “second […]


The Affective-Filter Hypothesis in the Classroom

Krashen (1982) states that there are some imaginary barriers which will block the learners from the acquisition of the second language acquisition. These barriers might be boredom, anger, anxiety or other negative emotions that the students face during the teaching learning process. This research is aimed at investigating the teacher’s effort to dismiss these barriers […]