By, Moh. Syahrul Z. Romadhoni
Modern language courses require ELT classrooms conducted in the target language (L2). DES as quoted by Macaro (2010) states, “The natural use of the target language for virtually all communication is a sure sign of a good modern languages course.” It means that the communicative use of the target language (L2), both by teachers and students, is a sign of a good modern language lessons. Therefore, teachers, in this case, have a big role in making ELT classrooms communicatively using L2.
This force proves difficult to be implemented by English teachers, especially in the non-English speaking countries. There are many factors contributing this, but an environment is the most contributing one, I think. As we know, in these countries, English is not spoken in both official and informal conversations; therefore, there is no any enforcement for students to practice it orally.
According to my opinion, learning a foreign language with no enforcement to practice it is like those who learn musical notes, but never learn how to play a piano. It is useless and is not contextual.
Many students do not know what to say when they are asked to speak English during the lesson. To help them do so, it is worth introducing some classroom language. It is language patterns that the students can use while teaching. The teachers, in this case, should support their students use these patterns as much as possible.
This downloadable file contains a list of classroom language that students can practice in English language classrooms.
Bye for now.