Quipper School: How Do Teachers Bring it in the Classroom?

The advanced development of internet has influenced mankind in almost all aspects of life including the field of English Language Teaching (ELT). In response to it, English teachers should make use of it to enhance the quality of their teaching. One of its strategies is by using Quipper School, a popular educational online platform focusing […]

Evaluating ELT Textbooks and Materials: Methods and Principles

This article tries to make a relatively comprehensive description on textbook evaluation by surveying four scientific journals on textbook evaluation. They include William (1983), Ellis (1997), Sheldon (1988), and Hutchinson (1987). These articles are selected as they are cited in many research papers on textbook or teaching materials evaluation in different background and teaching contexts […]

Basic English Grammar: Simple Present Tense

This posting is another part of Basic English Grammar Series that I’m currently working hard to accomplish. It is about Simple Present Tense, the most used tense in English, I think. In my book outline this material is placed in chapter 5, Unit 1. It means that it is the first material being discussed in […]

Teaching sequences; advertisements, emails and notices and cautions

In the “engage phase”, teacher shows some pictures related to the topic such as homepage, advertisement, email, notices & cautions, chatting room, social media, etc. asking students the functions of each picture in modern life. The students give some feedback and get comments from the teacher.

Lesson Plan: Advertisement, Email and Notices & Cautions

One of the important keys to successful teaching is a sound preparation aided by a good lesson plan. Harmer (2007, 156) says, “For students, evidence of a plan shows that the teacher has devoted time to thinking about the class.” A lesson plan indicates the level of teachers’ professionalism and commitment in conducting their jobs.

The Study of SLA Developmental Sequences in Students’ Writing Skill

The linguists state that there are developmental sequences when the learners acquire second language. Schumann (1979), for instance, found that there were predictable sequences in negation in second language learning regardless the learners’ first language background. Krashen (1972), in his monitor model, includes natural order hypothesis in one of his hypotheses. He says that “second […]

The Affective-Filter Hypothesis in the Classroom

Krashen (1982) states that there are some imaginary barriers which will block the learners from the acquisition of the second language acquisition. These barriers might be boredom, anger, anxiety or other negative emotions that the students face during the teaching learning process. This research is aimed at investigating the teacher’s effort to dismiss these barriers […]

English Written Test for the Ninth Graders of SMP

Dear readers, In this post, I uploaded a sample of written test for the ninth grade of junior high school in Indonesia. This test was designed based on the basic competence as documented in Kurikulum Satuan Pendidikan (KTSP) – institution-based curriculum. The test materials include vocabulary (foods), grammar (some-any, countable-uncountable, noun-phrase), reading and writing (procedural […]

English Written Test for the Tenth Grade of SMA

Dear readers, Last semester I was asked to write an English written test for the tenth grade in my school. Before writing the test, I was trained by a tutor about how to write a good written test. It is said that it should be based on the indicators that have been developed from basic […]

Instructional Design: English for Islamic Studies

Dear readers, In this posting I’m showing you an example of Instructional Design. ID is the systematic process by which instructional materials are designed, developed, and delivered. Through this design, an instruction is expected to reach its ultimate objectives. If you need more information about ID you may visit this site or this site. This […]

Basic English Grammar: Past Simple

Currently, I’m doing my English grammar book project. I write this book for internal purpose only. You know, each semester my students have an English oral test, and grammar is one of the test subjects. This book is written to help them take part in this test successfully. Upon finishing a chapter of my book, I […]

The Importance of Cross Cultural Understanding in ELT

Citation Suggestion: Romadhoni, M. Syahrul Z. (2015). The Importance of Cross Cultural Understanding in ELT. Retrieved [date of retrieval] from https://syahruzzaky.wordpress.com/2015/07/15/the-importance-of-cross-cultural-understanding-in-elt/ Cross Cultural Understanding is very important in English language teaching. Ignoring this understanding will make some fatal errors in the social interaction. The illustration by Subhan (1989) about a university student who made fatal […]

Language Use

Citation Suggestion: Romadhoni, M. Syahrul Z. (2015). Language Use. Retrieved [date of retrieval] from https://syahruzzaky.wordpress.com/2015/07/13/language-use/ Language use covers the discussion of the use of language in certain practical contexts. It refers to the use of language communication, or the function of language. The experts usually make it contrast to language usage which is the grammatical […]


By, Moh. Syahrul Z. Romadhoni Writing is one of the important skills that EFL learners should master in relation to communicative function, especially the written one. Furthermore, in ELT context, it plays a significant role in making the learners train more aspects of language such grammar and vocabulary. Regarding this statement, Raimes (1983) says, “But […]

Classroom Language for Students

By, Moh. Syahrul Z. Romadhoni Introduction Modern language courses require ELT classrooms conducted in the target language (L2). DES as quoted by Macaro (2010) states, “The natural use of the target language for virtually all communication is a sure sign of a good modern languages course.” It means that the communicative use of the target […]