Teaching sequences; advertisements, emails and notices and cautions

In the “engage phase”, teacher shows some pictures related to the topic such as homepage, advertisement, email, notices & cautions, chatting room, social media, etc. asking students the functions of each picture in modern life. The students give some feedback and get comments from the teacher.

Lesson Plan: Advertisement, Email and Notices & Cautions

One of the important keys to successful teaching is a sound preparation aided by a good lesson plan. Harmer (2007, 156) says, “For students, evidence of a plan shows that the teacher has devoted time to thinking about the class.” A lesson plan indicates the level of teachers’ professionalism and commitment in conducting their jobs.

Basic English Grammar: Parts of Speech

This posting is a part series of my “Basic English Grammar” book. The material I’m posting is about parts of speech, a very basic English grammar material. I intentionally post this series in order to make my writings documented and read by you, readers, so I can get some constructive feedback before finally finishing and […]

The Study of SLA Developmental Sequences in Students’ Writing Skill

The linguists state that there are developmental sequences when the learners acquire second language. Schumann (1979), for instance, found that there were predictable sequences in negation in second language learning regardless the learners’ first language background. Krashen (1972), in his monitor model, includes natural order hypothesis in one of his hypotheses. He says that “second […]

The Affective-Filter Hypothesis in the Classroom

Krashen (1982) states that there are some imaginary barriers which will block the learners from the acquisition of the second language acquisition. These barriers might be boredom, anger, anxiety or other negative emotions that the students face during the teaching learning process. This research is aimed at investigating the teacher’s effort to dismiss these barriers […]

English Written Test for the Ninth Graders of SMP

Dear readers, In this post, I uploaded a sample of written test for the ninth grade of junior high school in Indonesia. This test was designed based on the basic competence as documented in Kurikulum Satuan Pendidikan (KTSP) – institution-based curriculum. The test materials include vocabulary (foods), grammar (some-any, countable-uncountable, noun-phrase), reading and writing (procedural […]

English Written Test for the Tenth Grade of SMA

Dear readers, Last semester I was asked to write an English written test for the tenth grade in my school. Before writing the test, I was trained by a tutor about how to write a good written test. It is said that it should be based on the indicators that have been developed from basic […]

Instructional Design: English for Islamic Studies

Dear readers, In this posting I’m showing you an example of Instructional Design. ID is the systematic process by which instructional materials are designed, developed, and delivered. Through this design, an instruction is expected to reach its ultimate objectives. If you need more information about ID you may visit this site or this site. This […]

Basic English Grammar: Past Simple

Currently, I’m doing my English grammar book project. I write this book for internal purpose only. You know, each semester my students have an English oral test, and grammar is one of the test subjects. This book is written to help them take part in this test successfully. Upon finishing a chapter of my book, I […]

The Importance of Cross Cultural Understanding in ELT

Citation Suggestion: Romadhoni, M. Syahrul Z. (2015). The Importance of Cross Cultural Understanding in ELT. Retrieved [date of retrieval] from https://syahruzzaky.wordpress.com/2015/07/15/the-importance-of-cross-cultural-understanding-in-elt/ Cross Cultural Understanding is very important in English language teaching. Ignoring this understanding will make some fatal errors in the social interaction. The illustration by Subhan (1989) about a university student who made fatal […]

Language Use

Citation Suggestion: Romadhoni, M. Syahrul Z. (2015). Language Use. Retrieved [date of retrieval] from https://syahruzzaky.wordpress.com/2015/07/13/language-use/ Language use covers the discussion of the use of language in certain practical contexts. It refers to the use of language communication, or the function of language. The experts usually make it contrast to language usage which is the grammatical […]


By, Moh. Syahrul Z. Romadhoni Writing is one of the important skills that EFL learners should master in relation to communicative function, especially the written one. Furthermore, in ELT context, it plays a significant role in making the learners train more aspects of language such grammar and vocabulary. Regarding this statement, Raimes (1983) says, “But […]

Classroom Language for Students

By, Moh. Syahrul Z. Romadhoni Introduction Modern language courses require ELT classrooms conducted in the target language (L2). DES as quoted by Macaro (2010) states, “The natural use of the target language for virtually all communication is a sure sign of a good modern languages course.” It means that the communicative use of the target […]

Classroom Language for Teachers

Description: this material introduces some classroom language that teachers can use in their ELT classroom. The use of target language is considered important for the success of ELT in the classroom. American Council on the Teaching of Foreign Languages (ACTFL) in its release states that to make language instruction work effectively in the classroom, it […]

Teaching Vocabulary using the Direct Method

To build students’ vocabulary mastery, the school holds a daily language program namely “Vocabulary Enrichment’. It is carried out in the morning after they have a morning prayer (shubuh prayer). The tutors of the program are from the senior students and junior teachers. They give at least three vocabularies a day using the Direct Method. […]

ELT in Postmethod Age

In curriculum 2006, the Ministry of National Education constituted genre-based approach as the only approach in English language teaching for high school levels. It means that all teachers in these levels should apply it as well as its hierarchical descents in their teaching practices regardless the particular teaching contexts. This influences also the processes of […]

A brief note about the nature of writing process

By, M. Syahruzzaky Romadloni Writing is a complex process that involves mastery on many language levels; morphology, syntax, semantics, pragmatics and discourse. In contrast to speaking, writing contains more elaborated linguistic systems, complex clauses, different syntax and vocabularies. Many experts, therefore, consider writing the barometer of one’s proficiency on a particular language. They also think […]